Normal Anatomy of the Hip joint
How does the Hip joint work?
Find out more in this web based movie.
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Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs most often in older people. This disease affects the tissue covering the ends of bones in a joint (cartilage).
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Sports injuries are part of the game; an athlete is always at risk of injury while participating in any athletic or sporting event.
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Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), often referred to as hip impingement is a condition where there is too much friction in the hip joint from bony irregularities causing pain and decreased range of hip motion.
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Labrum is a ring of strong fibrocartilaginous tissue lining around the socket of the hip joint. Labrum serves many functions where it acts as shock absorber, lubricates the joint, and distributes the pressure equally.
Find out more about Hip Labral Tear with the following links.
The hip plays an important role in supporting the upper body weight while standing, walking and running, and hip stability is crucial for these functions. The femur (thighbone) and acetabulum (hip bone) join to form the hip joint, while the labrum (tissue rim that seals the hip joint) and the ligaments lining the hip capsule maintain the stability of the hip.
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The hip is an important joint that helps us walk, run and jump. The ball-and-socket joint in the hip is formed between the round end of the femur (thighbone) and the cup-shaped socket of the acetabulum (part of the hip bone).
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Greater trochanter bursitis also called hip bursitis is a common problem caused by inflammation of the bursa that overlies the greater trochanter (bony prominence at the outer side of the hip).
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The abductor muscles originate on the pelvis and attach to the side of the femur around the hip, on the bony prominence on the side of the hip. They function to move the leg out to the side such as in lateral movements and help stabilize the pelvis and body when standing on one leg.
Find out more about Abductor Tendon Tear with the following link.
Hamstring injuries are common in athletes who participate in sports activities such as track, soccer, and basketball that involve running. The three hamstring muscles namely semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femoris are at the back of the thigh and helps you bend (flex) your knee and extend your hip.
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Piriformis Syndrome is an uncommon rare neuromuscular condition caused by the compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. The sciatic nerve is a thick and long nerve that passes below or through the piriformis muscle and goes down the back of the leg and finally ends in the feet in the form of smaller nerves.
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Muscle Strain (Hip)
A tear in the muscle fibers caused by either a fall or direct blow to the muscle, overstretching and overuse injury is called a strain. Muscle strains often occur in the hip region whenever a muscle contracts all of a sudden from its stretched position. It can be mild, moderate or severe and depends on the level of injury.
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Hip pain, one of the common symptoms patients complain of, may not always be felt precisely over the hip joint. Pain may be felt in and around the hip joint and the cause for pain is multifactorial. The exact position of your hip pain suggests the probable cause or underlying condition causing pain.
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Hip dysplasia is a condition which is seen in infants and young children as a result of developmental problems in the hip joint. The femur (thigh bone) partially or completely slips out of the hip socket causing dislocation at the hip joint. It is most common in first born baby with family history of the disorder.
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Hip Avascular Necrosis
Avascular necrosis, also known as AVN and osteonecrosis, is a disease caused from inadequate blood supply to the bone which leads to bone death.
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Irritable hip, also known as acute transient synovitis is a common disorder of childhood characterized by onset of hip pain and limping. The term transient means that it does not usually last long.
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Peritrochanteric Pain Syndrome
The peritrochanteric space is the region of the hip between the greater trochanter, a bony prominence at the top of the thigh bone, and the illiotibial band, a thick band of tissue that runs over the greater trochanter and down the side of the thigh. Peritrochanteric pain syndrome includes a cluster of disorders that cause severe pain on the side of the hip and thigh region.
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE)
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a common hip disorder in adolescents causing slippage or separation of the femoral head (ball at the upper end of the femur bone) from the weakened epiphyseal growth plate (growing end of the bone).
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Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (LCPD) or Perthes disease is a disorder of the hip that affects children, usually between the ages of 4 and 10. It usually involves one hip, although it can occur on both sides in some children. It occurs more commonly in boys than girls.
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Hip & Groin Disorders
Hip and groin disorders are more common in athletes, caused by rapid acceleration and deceleration motion. The rehabilitation time for hip and groin injuries are longer than most other injuries, therefore early and accurate diagnosis is essential.
Find out more about Hip & Groin Disorders with the following links.
Gluteus Medius Tear
Gluteus medius is one of 3 muscles in the buttocks and is situated on the outer surface of the hip. The function of the gluteus medius is to assist with pelvis stability, hip abduction, along with internal and external rotation of the hip.
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The gluteal muscles are a major group of muscles located at the back of the pelvis forming the buttocks that helps in the stability of the hip. The gluteal muscles comprise of three muscles: gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and the gluteus minimus.
Find out more about Gluteal Tears with the following links.
- Hip Anatomy
- Femoral Neck Fracture
- Subtrochanteric Hip fracture
- Periacetabular Osteotomy
- Revision Hip Replacement
- Hip resurfacing
- Total Hip Replacement
- Posterior Hip Replacement
- Gluteus Medius Tear
- Anterior Hip Replacement
- Labral Tears of the Hip
- Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
- Pelvic Osteotomy
- Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement
- Hip Synovitis
Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.